A Cognitive Behavioral Intervention to Reduce Fear of Hypoglycemia in Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes
Dates: 5/19/2016 - 11/30/2017
Co-Investigators: Pamela Martyn Nemeth, Lauretta Quinn, Chang Park, Jennifer Duffecy
Abstract: In persons with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), iatrogenic hypoglycemia is the major limiting factor in achieving optimal blood glucose control. All persons with T1DM are at risk for hypoglycemia (blood glucose level < 70 mg/dl), which is life-threatening and has serious physical symptoms and psychological sequelae that lead to profound fear of future hypoglycemic events. This fear results in greater glucose variability (the intra-day fluctuations in blood glucose), due to under- or overcompensation of food intake, insulin dosing, or physical activity, as well as anxiety, depression, and reduced quality of life. Greater glycemic variability (GV) is associated with a higher risk of hypoglycemia and diabetes complications. Young adults are particularly at risk because they report greater FOH and have poorer glycemic control. A major gap exists in how to manage FOH as a crucial component of diabetes self-care. Our overall objective is to reduce FOH and improve diabetes self-management, glycemic control, and variability in young adults with T1DM.